How to use acceptable quality limit in qc inspection testing

How to use acceptable quality limit in qc inspection testing

Using Acceptable Quality Limit (AQL) in QC inspection testing involves setting thresholds for acceptable and unacceptable quality levels in a batch of products. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use AQL in QC inspection testing:

  1. Define AQL Levels: Determine the AQL levels based on industry standards, customer requirements, and the criticality of the product. AQL levels typically consist of three parameters: lot size, acceptable quality level, and unacceptable quality level. For example, an AQL level of 1.5 means that, on average, 1.5% of the products in the batch can be defective while still being considered acceptable.
  2. Select Sampling Plan: Choose an appropriate sampling plan based on your AQL levels and lot size. Commonly used sampling plans include the single sampling plan, double sampling plan, and multiple sampling plan. Each plan specifies the number of units to be inspected from the batch and the corresponding acceptance and rejection criteria.
  3. Random Sampling: Select samples randomly from the batch according to the chosen sampling plan. Random sampling helps ensure that the sample accurately represents the entire batch and reduces the risk of bias in the inspection process.
  4. Perform Inspection Tests: Inspect the sampled units using appropriate inspection tests and criteria. These tests may include visual inspections, measurements, functional tests, and other quality checks depending on the nature of the product and its specifications.
  5. Record Defects: Record any defects or non-conformities found during the inspection process. Classify defects based on their severity and impact on product quality. Common defect classifications include critical, major, and minor defects.
  6. Calculate Defect Rate: Calculate the defect rate based on the number of defective units found in the sample and the total number of units inspected. The defect rate is calculated as the number of defects divided by the sample size multiplied by 100 to express it as a percentage.
  7. Compare with AQL Limits: Compare the calculated defect rate with the AQL limits specified for the batch. If the defect rate is within the AQL limits, the batch is considered acceptable for shipment. If the defect rate exceeds the AQL limits, the batch may be subjected to further investigation, rework, or rejection.
  8. Take Corrective Actions: If the defect rate exceeds the AQL limits, identify the root causes of the defects and take appropriate corrective actions to address them. This may involve implementing process improvements, conducting additional inspections, or working with suppliers to improve product quality.
  9. Document and Report Findings: Document the inspection results, including the defect rate, any corrective actions taken, and any follow-up activities required. Report the findings to relevant stakeholders, including production teams, quality assurance personnel, and management.
  10. Continuous Improvement: Continuously monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of your QC inspection process to ensure ongoing compliance with AQL standards. Use inspection data to identify trends, root causes of defects, and areas for improvement, and implement corrective actions as needed to enhance product quality and customer satisfaction.

By following these steps, you can effectively use AQL in QC inspection testing to maintain product quality, minimize defects, and meet customer expectations.


About user

Milind patel is an experienced practitioner and thought leader in the field of Business Process Management (CI) and 0.4 lean application. He co-founded Pro lean academy, a consulting company focusing on performance improvements and appropriate digitalization application in manufacturing process